BBC 中国人,最为死者操心的民族

845个帖子 / 0个新回复
最新文章
無名氏的头像

  英国BBC中文网日前发表文章,题为《清明祭祀与移风易俗》,摘编如下:

  中国民政部说,从周日到周二的清明节期间,多达4.6亿中国人哀悼和纪念死者。清明扫墓祭祀,缅怀先人寄托哀思是中国人的传统,烧纸钱和其他物品的风俗。

  中国有数千年之久的隆丧厚葬的传统,有人甚至说,中国人是举世公认的最为死者操心的民族。

  许多人为为凸显忠孝,殡葬祭祀时喜欢大操大办,极尽奢华,比如用豪华骨灰盒,高价墓地,大量焚烧纸钱冥币。有报道说,有祭奠者烧纸手机、纸轿车和纸别墅,还有烧纸“二奶”的。

  豪华殡葬祭祀形成了利润巨大的市场,中国大陆的墓地的价格直逼别墅。北京市墓地有的每平米要价人民币21.8万元,高出北京房价10倍。其他地方也是如此。过去20年来,目的价格一涨再涨,超过了房价。珠三角一块墓地动辄几十万。

  中国殡葬祭祀的铺张排场受社会功能和经济功能决定的程度多过单纯的孝道。

  有学者分析,中国家族宗法制的社会结构决定了隆丧厚葬的习俗。殉葬的意义超出埋葬死者的行为本身,而变成了一种家族性的行为,维系家族关系、强化家族意识、壮大家族势力。

  除了家族和祖先崇拜方面的象征意义,殡葬本身也成了规模巨大的经济活动,反映出现代中国社会的另外一个特点,人情关系和金钱崇拜。

  现在对死者隆重祭奠和大肆铺张的做法,同活人,特别是对老年人群体,在中国社会缺乏照顾和保障形成鲜明对比。 有报道说,现在许多“空巢老人”生前很难在养老机构求得一个位置,所谓“一床难求”的现象相当普遍。

  另外由于墓地价格高涨,一些无依无靠的老人死后在公共 墓地“一穴难求”。墓地价格狂涨像是房地产市场投机和泡沫的延续。经济学者一般喜欢从供求关系来解释中国墓地高涨的问题。

  但墓地价格高涨和丧葬铺张也可从中国人对待死亡的世俗态度和传统来理解。许多人认为死者在另外一个世界有着同现时一样的金钱和财产一样的需求,因此才有烧纸钱冥币,各种昂贵豪华的祭品。

  中国是个多民族多元文化的国家,中国自古就有低碳环保的葬礼和祭祀方式。

  拍摄电视片《西藏一年》的导演书云很推崇西藏人天葬的传统,她说:“ 天葬是一种很环保、很绿色的一种走的方式。其实我们来到世界上就是赤条条的,我们这样走了,和风,和天空,和太阳飘散在宇宙空间中了。”

  在中国公众对低碳生活,环保经济意识不断增强的时候,越来越多的人在清明节以环境友好的方式扫墓和祭奠,越来越多的人改变了传统烧纸的做法,而改用鲜花祭祀。

  中国的殡葬祭奠风俗一如时下的中国社会,能否移风易俗,取决于文化传统,追逐利润巨大的经济力量和环保意识如何竞相发挥作用。

無名氏的头像

<a href=http://genviagrammrx.com/>cheap viagra</a>
how fast does viagra work
http://genviagrammrx.com
is there a generic for viagra
<a href="http://genviagrammrx.com/">buy viagra online</a>

無名氏的头像

<a href=http://cialismednrx.com/>buy cheap cialis</a>
cialis order
http://cialismednrx.com
online pharmacy cialis
<a href="http://cialismednrx.com/">generic cialis</a>

無名氏的头像

ok’ <a href="https://onlineloan.us.org/">best online payday loans</a> a no fax payday loan <a href=https://onlineloan.us.org/>pay day loan</a> OK’

無名氏的头像

<a href="http://missreplicawatches.com">cost of cialis without insurance</a> viagra com coupons http://janxie.com

無名氏的头像

<a href="http://psychologytweets.com">cheap cialis </a> best place to buy cialis online <a href="http://psychologytweets.com">buy cialis online</a> cialis 20mg http://psychologytweets.com

無名氏的头像

<a href="http://janxie.com">cheap viagra </a> order viagra online <a href="http://janxie.com">female viagra pill</a> order viagra http://janxie.com

無名氏的头像

<a href="http://skyrank.com">cialis 5mg price </a> canadian pharmacy cialis <a href="http://skyrank.com">cheap generic cialis</a> cialis online canada http://skyrank.com

無名氏的头像

<a href="http://rabbitinahat.com">buy generic cialis </a> buy cialis online usa <a href="http://rabbitinahat.com">cheap cialis</a> cialis pills http://rabbitinahat.com

無名氏的头像

<a href="http://investinokc.com">order viagra online </a> buy viagra <a href="http://investinokc.com">viagra online usa</a> cheap viagra http://investinokc.com

無名氏的头像

<a href="http://psychologytweets.com">cheap cialis online </a> canadian pharmacy cialis <a href="http://psychologytweets.com">cialis coupons</a> buy cialis from canada http://psychologytweets.com

無名氏的头像

<a href="http://rabbitinahat.com">order cialis online </a> order cialis online <a href="http://rabbitinahat.com">cialis coupons</a> buy generic cialis http://rabbitinahat.com

無名氏的头像

<a href="http://janxie.com">women viagra </a> order viagra online <a href="http://janxie.com">viagra online canada</a> female viagra pill http://janxie.com

無名氏的头像

<a href="http://rebeccaharrell.com">cialis generic best price </a> buy generic cialis online <a href="http://rebeccaharrell.com">cheap cialis</a> cialis pills http://rebeccaharrell.com

無名氏的头像

<a href="http://istanbulexpressonline.com">generic viagra </a> buy generic viagra <a href="http://istanbulexpressonline.com">generic viagra online</a> viagra online prescription http://istanbulexpressonline.com

無名氏的头像

<a href="http://rabbitinahat.com">buy cialis canada </a> cialis coupons <a href="http://rabbitinahat.com">buy cialis</a> order cialis online http://rabbitinahat.com

無名氏的头像

viagra side effects eyes <a href="http://investinokc.com">viagra price </a> heart attack viagra <a href="http://investinokc.com">generic viagra</a> cheap viagra pills http://investinokc.com

無名氏的头像

buy viagra for men <a href="http://investinokc.com">buy generic viagra online </a> does viagra raise blood pressure <a href="http://investinokc.com">where to buy viagra online</a> order viagra online http://investinokc.com

無名氏的头像

legal viagra online <a href="http://livecopys.com">viagra online canada </a> how to get the best out of viagra <a href="http://livecopys.com">female viagra pill</a> buy viagra online usa http://livecopys.com

無名氏的头像

viagra made in india <a href="http://janxie.com">viagra online canadian pharmacy </a> can you have viagra with alcohol <a href="http://janxie.com">viagra online prescription</a> buy generic viagra http://janxie.com

無名氏的头像

cialis half life peak <a href="http://missreplicawatches.com">cheap cialis online </a> best place to buy cialis <a href="http://missreplicawatches.com">cialis online pharmacy</a> buy cialis http://missreplicawatches.com

無名氏的头像

buy cialis uk <a href="http://missreplicawatches.com">buy cialis </a> 5mg cialis cost <a href="http://missreplicawatches.com">cialis pills</a> buy cialis online in usa http://missreplicawatches.com

無名氏的头像

viagra for sale online canada <a href="http://lizlarssen.com">buy generic viagra online </a> when taking viagra how long does it last <a href="http://lizlarssen.com">female viagra pill</a> buying viagra online http://lizlarssen.com

無名氏的头像

cialis daily 5mg <a href="http://motechautomotive.com">buy cialis online usa </a> when should cialis be taken <a href="http://motechautomotive.com">buy cialis online cheap</a> cialis price http://motechautomotive.com

無名氏的头像

cialis is <a href="http://rebeccaharrell.com">buy cialis online cheap </a> cialis cost at walmart <a href="http://rebeccaharrell.com">cialis 5mg price</a> cialis online canada http://rebeccaharrell.com

無名氏的头像

canada drug store viagra <a href="http://janxie.com">generic viagra online </a> how long does viagra work <a href="http://janxie.com">where to buy viagra online</a> women viagra http://janxie.com

無名氏的头像

cialis take effect <a href="http://rabbitinahat.com">cheap cialis online </a> maximum dose of cialis <a href="http://rabbitinahat.com">cialis online pharmacy</a> buy cialis online cheap http://rabbitinahat.com

無名氏的头像

cialis approved for bph <a href="http://rebeccaharrell.com">buy cialis canada </a> cialis online uk <a href="http://rebeccaharrell.com">order cialis online</a> cialis online pharmacy http://rebeccaharrell.com

無名氏的头像

how often can you take viagra <a href="http://istanbulexpressonline.com">cheap viagra online </a> viagra cialis and levitra <a href="http://istanbulexpressonline.com">buy viagra cheap</a> viagra coupon http://istanbulexpressonline.com

無名氏的头像

drugs similar to viagra <a href="http://livecopys.com">viagra online prescription </a> purchase viagra in canada <a href="http://livecopys.com">online pharmacy viagra</a> buy viagra http://livecopys.com

無名氏的头像

virtual viagra <a href="http://onevoicemethod.com">cheap viagra online </a> viagra length <a href="http://onevoicemethod.com">viagra online canadian pharmacy</a> generic viagra http://onevoicemethod.com

無名氏的头像

viagra abuse <a href="http://mphasset.com">buy viagra cheap </a> viagra what it does <a href="http://mphasset.com">buying viagra online</a> cheap viagra 100mg http://mphasset.com

無名氏的头像

natural substitute for viagra <a href="http://mphasset.com">buy generic viagra online </a> online generic viagra reviews <a href="http://mphasset.com">buy generic viagra online</a> cheap viagra 100mg http://mphasset.com

無名氏的头像

pfizer viagra for sale <a href="http://mphasset.com">buy viagra online usa </a> viagra online coupon <a href="http://mphasset.com">buy viagra cheap</a> viagra online canada http://mphasset.com

無名氏的头像

viagra like pills <a href="http://yogaheaters.com">viagra online canadian pharmacy </a> walmart pharmacy prices viagra <a href="http://yogaheaters.com">female viagra</a> viagra coupon http://yogaheaters.com

無名氏的头像

cialis from canada <a href="http://psychologytweets.com">cialis generic best price </a> dose cialis <a href="http://psychologytweets.com">cialis 20mg</a> cialis online http://psychologytweets.com

無名氏的头像

how long does cialis last <a href="http://psychologytweets.com">cheap cialis online </a> cialis heartburn <a href="http://psychologytweets.com">cheap generic cialis</a> cialis 5mg http://psychologytweets.com

無名氏的头像

female cialis tadalafil <a href="http://rabbitinahat.com">cialis online </a> cialis 20 mg buy online <a href="http://rabbitinahat.com">buy cialis online</a> buy cialis from canada http://rabbitinahat.com

無名氏的头像

viagra legal status <a href="http://yogaheaters.com">buy generic viagra </a> what would happen if a woman took a viagra pill <a href="http://yogaheaters.com">buy generic viagra</a> cheap viagra http://yogaheaters.com

無名氏的头像

purchase cialis <a href="http://motechautomotive.com">buy cialis cheap </a> cialis for blood pressure control <a href="http://motechautomotive.com">buy cialis canada</a> cialis 5mg price http://motechautomotive.com

無名氏的头像

cialis over counter <a href="http://skyrank.com">buy cialis </a> cialis 10mg dosage <a href="http://skyrank.com">cheap cialis online</a> buy generic cialis online http://skyrank.com

無名氏的头像

viagra and low blood pressure <a href="http://onevoicemethod.com">female viagra pill </a> viagra online prescription <a href="http://onevoicemethod.com">viagra online prescription</a> cheap viagra http://onevoicemethod.com

無名氏的头像

is viagra prescription only uk <a href="http://onevoicemethod.com">buy generic viagra </a> viagra samples for physicians <a href="http://onevoicemethod.com">buy viagra online</a> generic viagra online http://onevoicemethod.com

無名氏的头像

where can i buy viagra in the uk <a href="http://investinokc.com">order viagra </a> how to use female viagra <a href="http://investinokc.com">buy viagra online</a> cheap viagra online http://investinokc.com

無名氏的头像

how does female viagra work <a href="http://psychologytweets.com">viagra online </a> real viagra from canada <a href="http://psychologytweets.com">generic cialis online</a> cheap viagra http://psychologytweets.com

無名氏的头像

is there generic viagra <a href="http://valleyofshadowsanddreams.com">buy generic viagra </a> sexy viagra <a href="http://valleyofshadowsanddreams.com">generic viagra online</a> order viagra http://valleyofshadowsanddreams.com

無名氏的头像

free viagra coupon <a href="http://rebeccaharrell.com">generic viagra </a> what are the side effect of viagra <a href="http://rebeccaharrell.com">cheap cialis online</a> generic viagra online http://rebeccaharrell.com

無名氏的头像

colour of viagra <a href="http://lizlarssen.com">viagra online </a> viagra buy on line <a href="http://lizlarssen.com">buy viagra online</a> buy generic viagra http://lizlarssen.com

無名氏的头像

viagra raise blood pressure <a href="http://rabbitinahat.com">buy generic viagra </a> sinfidel viagra <a href="http://rabbitinahat.com">buy generic cialis</a> generic viagra http://rabbitinahat.com

無名氏的头像

what is the meaning of viagra <a href="http://missreplicawatches.com">buy viagra </a> watermelon rind viagra effect <a href="http://missreplicawatches.com">cialis coupon</a> buy generic viagra http://missreplicawatches.com

無名氏的头像

viagra otc canada <a href="http://mphasset.com">buy generic viagra </a> pfizer viagra 50mg <a href="http://mphasset.com">viagra coupon</a> viagra coupon http://mphasset.com

页面

添加新评论

验证码
请输入验证码