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特鲁多竞选承诺(三)
Prime Minister Justin Trudeau’s list of campaign promises (III)

本文是Bob Mok探讨新当选总理的竞选承诺的专栏系列文章中的第三篇,本文还将对承诺兑现的可能性加以评估。
Bob Mok’s article is the third one in his series to explore the newly elected Prime Minister’s list of campaign promises. It also provides an assessment of their status and chances of completion.
 
读者欲参照前文可点击:
For the previous articles in this series, please go to the following link:
 
1)加大基础设施投资
1) Infusion of Infrastructure:

 
特鲁多承诺将会投入巨资加强基础设施建设,包括兴建高速铁路,修缮高速公路,扩建通勤铁路及城市自来水暨下水道系统。

It was declared that huge sums of monies will be devoted to infrastructures covering high speed rail, highway repairs, commuter rail and municipal water and sewers.

 
由于许多省府和地方政府都在寻求基建资金,投资资金分配并非易事。虽然此类政策势必会创造大量短期就业机会,但是在基建项目完成后它是否能够继续促进长期经济增长尚有待观察。

There will be problems in dividing that money up among the many provincial and local governments seeking that cash. While this sort of policy will certainly create short term jobs, it remains to be seen how it will continue to generate long-term economic growth once the projects are completed. 

 
2)选举制度改革
2) Electoral Reform:

 
特鲁多承诺2015年大选将是最后一次采用多数票(简单多数制)制的联邦选举。自由党将征询加国人士意见探讨新的根据代表比例而制定的选举制度。该制度将按照各政党所获选票数在总票数中所占比例“分配”政党席位数额。

Trudeau promised that 2015 will be the last Federal Election run by the plurality (first past the post) system. The Liberals will consult Canadians on a new proportional representation electoral system. Such a system will “allocate” the proportional number of seats in Parliament to each party in accordance with the percentage of votes they get. 

 
与现行的简单多数制相比,新选举制度将更加有利于边缘政党,会进一步推进他们的议席总数。

The new system will favour fringe parties and booster their total number of seats as compared to the “First Past the post” system currently in use. 


我猜测这一竞选承诺在2019年无法兑现,因为新选举制度对于大多数选民来说太过复杂,让人难以理解。安省曾经进行选举制度改革研究,并在2007年就此进行公投,结果有63%的选民表示反对。安省提议的新选举制度将允许每个选民投两票,其中一票是投给区域候选人,另一票是投给政党。

My guess is that this promise will not happen in 2019. The system will be too complicated for most voters to understand. Ontario had an electoral reform study and referendum in 2007 but was rejected by 63% of voters. That system proposed two votes for each voter – one for the local candidate and one for the political party of choice.

 
3)对抗“气候变化”
3) Dealing with “Climate Change”:


特鲁多承诺出席即将于巴黎召开的气候变化峰会,并致力于让加拿大积极参与应对全球气候变化。虽然自由党政府目前尚没有具体计划,但其必需在峰会之后90天内制定出相关政策。

The promise was to attend the upcoming conference in Paris relating to this issue and to commit Canada to deal with climate changes. There are no detailed plans at present but a policy is to be prepared within 90 days of the summit.

 
设定目标很容易,但鉴于此前的自由党政府一直未能实现旧目标,我们又如何能确信新政府可以实现新目标?

It is easy to set targets but Liberal Governments did not meet the old targets so what confidence do we have that we can meet the new ones now?

 
4)ISIS 和恐怖主义—减少相关作战任务
4) ISIS and Terrorism – reduction in commitments:

 
加拿大战机将停止执行作战任务,加拿大军队也将只会参与培训伊拉克军队。

Canadian planes are to stop their combat missions and Canadian Arm forces will restrict to training Iraqi troops only.

 
由于特鲁多声称他在当选不久后就已经就此与美国总统奥巴马进行了直接交流,兑现这一承诺易如反掌。

An easy promise to fulfill as Trudeau claimed to have advised the US President on this matter directly shortly after his election.


5)修改管道项目审批流程
5) Revamp Pipeline project approval process:

 
自由党政府对此也没有具体计划。特鲁多不久就必须决定如何处理需要制定政策的管道项目——Energy East管道计划和Northern Gateway管道计划。

Again, no detail plans are available. Trudeau will have to decide very soon on how to deal with projects already in the regulatory pipeline – Energy East and Northern Gateway.

 
6)死亡权立法
6) Rights to die legislation:

 
在2015年2月7日,医生协助自杀罪从加拿大刑法中删除。特鲁多承诺会就如何应对这一问题征询加国人士意见。由于这一承诺有兑现期限,特鲁多必须寻求各省合作,以免出现全国各地出现拼凑模糊规管条例的现象。

The physician-assisted death was deleted from Canada’s criminal code on Feb 7, 2015. Trudeau promised to consult with Canadians on how to approach this issue. There is a deadline to be met and he must seek co-operation from provinces to avoid creating a legally murky patchwork of regulations across the country.

 
联邦大选已经尘埃落定,自由党现在应该说到做到,向加拿大人兑现他们在选举竞争高峰之时许下的竞选承诺。有许多承诺很容易兑现,但也有一些承诺非常棘手兑现不易。特鲁多与选民的蜜月期很快就会结束。如果自由党政府欲寻找借口推诿承诺的话,那最好尽快动手吧!

The Federal Election is now over. It is now time to walk the talk and deliver to Canadians campaign promises made in the heat of battle. Many of the promises are easy to keep but some are very tricky and difficult. The honeymoon period with the voters will be over soon. If the government wants to find excuses not to deal with their promises, they have better start looking for them soon. 
 

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