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移民感叹: 加拿大真公平!
Immigrant parent: Canada is such a fair country

当迈克尔的儿子拿到加国最大会计事务所之一发来的$7万年薪录用通知时,非常高兴。迈克尔是我的老朋友,他在十年前放弃在中国的体面职业带着儿子移民加拿大,之后他一直在多伦多做苦工,拼命挣钱养家糊口,培养十几岁的儿子。迈克尔的移民历程也是华裔父母为了子女的前程而不惜自我牺牲的历程。

When Michael’s son got a $70,000 job offer from one of the Canada’s largest accounting firms, he was thrilled.  Michael, a friend of mine who came to Canada with his son a decade ago, gave up a decent career in China and has worked as a hard labour in Toronto to support his family and his teenaged son. Michaels’ immigrant journey has highlighted parental sacrifice for the future of their children. 


任何一个家长看到儿子得到如此令人艳羡的工作都会欣喜不已,何况这一工作的确能帮助他减轻多年来的经济重负。但出我以外的是,迈克尔对此的第一反应却是深叹加拿大的平等之机会。

Such a dazzling job would delight any parent, and I expected Michael to show signs of relief that his financial burden had leveled off. But his reaction to the big news has surprised me as he expressed his deep gratitude to the fairness and equality in Canada:


迈克尔发自肺腑的说:“加拿大真公平!”

“It is really fair in Canada!” he said.


加拿大的多元文化和价值观为就业市场的公平竞争环境奠定了坚实基础。无论求职者来自何方是何种族,也不论他们是什么文化背景和宗教信仰,他们在加国社会都能获得相对公平的竞争及获得成功的机会。

Canada’s multiculturalism and value of diversity has paved the way for a level playing field in its job market. Regardless of where you are from and what you look like, and regardless of your cultural backgrounds and religious beliefs, you are provided with relatively equal opportunities in the society to compete and succeed. 


社会平等为社会地位升迁提供了可能。在加拿大,无论是家境富裕还是贫寒,也无论父母是专业人士还是失业人员,来自社会各阶层家庭的子女都可以在学校里享受平等和充分的教育资源。通过平等教育机会,低收入家庭的孩子可以攀登社会阶梯而晋升为中产阶层。那些父母一直在工厂或在餐馆辛苦打工,或是通过拼命打零工赚钱养家糊口的家庭的子女,却可以获得远超其父辈的职业成就。他们可以从事前途光明的职业,成为律师、医生、会计师和企业家,并获得丰厚的报酬。

Social mobility exists in a more equal society.  In Canada, school provides equal and adequate resources to support the children from families in all walks of life – from professionals to unemployed, and from the wealthy to the poor. With equal opportunities in education, children of low-income families can climb up social ladder and break into middle class. Sons and daughters of parents who toil in factories or restaurants, and who are taking barrage of odd jobs to make ends meet, can attain professional outcomes that leap far beyond their parents. They can enjoy promising careers and become lawyers, doctors, accountants and entrepreneurs. They can make decent salaries.


有研究显示,加拿大华裔移民二代表现极为出色,他们不仅比父辈更成功,所取得的成就亦超过普通加拿大人。

Studies show that second generation of Chinese Canadians are doing extremely well in Canada. Not only are they more successful than their parent generation, but also fair better than average Canadians. 


但中国的社会流动性则与加拿大截然不同。最近一项有关中国实习项目的研究显示,家庭背景会对子女的职业前景和财务健康产生深远影响。在中国,往往只有来自拥有较高社会地位或广泛人脉的家庭的子女才有机会从事银行工作等体面职业,而出生寒门的子女很难鲤鱼跃龙门或晋升更高阶层。在层层社会枷锁束缚下,许多与命运苦苦抗争的寒门子弟都最终被迫埋葬了中国梦。

In terms of social mobility, China is a totally different ballgame. According to a recent study on internship programs in China, one’s family background has a profound impact on their children’s career prospects and the financial wellbeing. Decent career such as a job in a bank always goes to those with family social status or connections. It is very difficult for those humbly born to advance in a society or to rise above their class. Lack of social mobility, those fighting with fate always ends up with dashed China Dream. 


该项研究称,曾有三名来自不同家庭背景的实习生一起竞争令人垂涎的银行职位,他们的父母分别是高官、企业家和农民,银行根据实习评估报告选出最佳应聘者。但是据该研究称,父母的权势地位以及他们对主管和决策者所进行的贿赂和收买行为对实习评估报告影响深远。不出意料,而最终来自最有权势的高官家庭的儿子从中胜出赢得了这一职位。

The study reported three interns who were competing for the coveted bank positions. They were with different family backgrounds –ranging from high ranking official to entrepreneur to rural peasant.  The best job candidate was chosen based on the internship review. But according to the study, the reviews were largely affected by the parents’ power and position and their efforts in bribing the supervisor and the decision maker. Unsurprisingly, the son of the most powerful parents won the competition and got the job offer.

为儿子的成功而深感自豪的迈克尔告诉我说, 他们一家一直为移民加国是否为正确选择而困扰,但儿子的这封录用通知终于为这一长达十年的家庭议题画上圆满句号。

Michael, who was proud of his son’s accomplishment, told me that his son’s job offer has put an end of a his family’s decade- long debate over whether they had made the right choice to immigrate to Canada. 

 
满脸欣慰的迈克尔表示:“这种工作机会在中国根本轮不上我们……就冲这一点,我们加拿大来对了!”

“It is a job offer that I could hardly dream of in China…. Apparently, I’ve made the right choice to come to Canada” said Michael, with a wide smile on his face.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

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