内容

肤色能决定人品吗?
Does skin colour define who we are?

交通事故纠纷会令人精神紧张,而当涉事一方是黑人时可能会让人更加焦虑不安。人们对黑人普遍存在误解,认为他们习惯逃避责任。

A traffic dispute can make you nervous. But you could get more jittery and anxious when you find out that the accident involves black people, under the misconception that black people are less likely to claim their responsibilities.


非常不幸,我最近在南卡度假之旅的回程途中就遭遇了一场交通事故,当时我正驾车驶离一条严重拥堵的高速公路。突然砰的一声巨响令我吃惊不已,我赶紧将车开到路边,然后下车查看,结果却发现撞到我的司机是一名黑人妇女。

Pretty unluckily, I was recently struck by a car accident on my way home from a vacation trip in S.C.  A loud bang shocked me as I exited from a gridlocked highway. I quickly pulled over and stepped out of my car, only to find that the driver of the car that hit me was a black woman.


看到她停留现场虽让我松了一口气,但当我走接近她时却满腹疑问,并做好了打硬仗的准备:她会承认肇事么?她会和我交换信息么?她愿意支付所有损坏赔偿么?

Despite feeling a sense of relief that she remained at scene, I prepared for a tough fight as I approached her, mind filled with questions: Would she admit what she did? Would she exchange information with me? Would she be willing to pay for any damages assessed?


我的这些疑虑并非无其根源。在我们生活的这一由肤色决定人品的世界里, 黑人常常会成为种族歧视的目标。在北美,黑人随时都会遭到大众乃至警察的种族歧视。统计数据显示,在美国所有犯罪类型中,黑人遭逮捕、拘留或入狱坐牢的人数都高于其人口比例。

You may easily understand where my worries came from. In a world where skin colour defines who we are, black people are often in the crosshair of racism. In North America, black people are racially discriminated against– from the general public, and police alike. Statistics show that blacks are disproportionally likely to be arrested, detained, or sentenced to prison in America –for any type of offenses.


在加拿大,黑人社区也更有可能成为警方截查的目标,警察在街头随意截停、询问和记录过往黑人司机的个人信息的事件发生率也高于黑人人口比例。《多伦多星报》在2012年获得的统计数据显示,虽然黑人只占到多伦多人口的8.4%,但遭截查的比例却高达24%,而白人在多伦多人口中所占比例虽然达到一半,遭截查的比例却只有46%(good)。

The black community in Canada is also disproportionally more likely to be targeted by the police carding practices – where the police can randomly stop, question and document drivers. In 2012, numbers obtained by the Star showed that 24 per cent of those carded were black, who represent only 8.4 per cent of Toronto’s population, while forty-six per cent of those carded were white, who accounted for half of Toronto’s population.


在中国,由于根深蒂固的等级观念,对黑人的歧视达到登峰造极!在众多族裔中,黑人遭受了最为严重的种族歧视。他们被公开蔑称为“猪”、“黑鬼”和“恶魔”。在媒体报道中,非洲被描绘成贫瘠的不毛之地,在那里无数人被疾病、战乱和触目惊心的高犯罪率夺去生命。许多中国人认为黑人就是贫困,就是无知、就是愚蠢和不诚实。

In China, the class division in Chinese culture has taken the discriminations against blacks to the extreme and black people are the hardest hit by racism of all ethnic groups. They are openly deemed as the least intelligent and honest race. They are called “pigs”, “Black Ghosts”, and “Devils” in public. In media, Africa is portrayed as a wasteland, with an unimaginable number of people dying from diseases, wars and extremely high crime rates. Many people in China believe that being black automatically means you are poor, uneducated, stupid and dishonest.


但是出乎我意料的是,撞到我的那位黑人妇女诚实地向我提供了我索要的所有资料,包括她的驾照、保险单和车牌号码。在我临走时她还真诚地对我说,如果我在索赔过程中遇到任何问题随时都可以联系她。

To my surprise, the black woman in my car accident honestly provided me with everything I requested – her driver’s licence, insurance policy and the plate number of the car. Before I left, she sincerely asked me to contact her for whatever the problems I may encounter in claiming the damages.


她的行为令我羞愧万分。毕竟,我和其他华裔一样曾受深蒂固的种族歧视文化影响,对黑人产生产生极端偏见。  
 
Her behaviour left me embarrassed over my judgment on the black people. In the end, I am one of the Chinese descendants who had been exposed to the deep-seated culture that looks down upon the blacks.


其他族群就一定比黑人更诚实么?未必如此。在几周前,我的这部车在我多伦多办公室外的停车场内被撞,当时我正在办公室里上班。在这个停车场里大部分车主都是华裔,可是这起事故的肇事者似乎决定逃之夭夭。尽管我一直在努力追查肇事者,但至今为止未曾有人勇于对此承担责任。

Are people in other races more honest than blacks? Not necessarily. A few weeks ago, my car was accidently hit in the parking lot of my work premises in Toronto – where most car owners were Chinese, while I was inside the office working. It seems that the culprit of the accident decided to run away. Despite my efforts to track down the offender, no one has yet come forward to claim his or her responsibilities in the accident.

我们鼓励所有读者在我们的文章和博客上分享意见。We are committed to maintaining a lively but civil forum for discussion, so we ask you to avoid personal attacks, and please keep your comments relevant and respectful. Visit the FAQ page for more information.