内容

103议案真能将反穆斯林者送入监狱?
Can M-103 motion put those critical to Muslims in jail?



“重大新闻!加国刚刚通过一项针对穆斯林批评人士的法案。任何人说穆斯林坏话都会被视同犯法 ,并会因此坐牢!”

“Breaking! A law just passed in Canada that targets those who badmouth about Muslims. Anyone making any negative comments about Muslims is considered a federal felony, which may lead to jail terms!”


这一引上述标题的新闻报道是指众议院在上周五通过的M-103,这一旨在谴责宗教歧视的反伊斯兰恐惧症的联邦议会动议。该文还称:“该动议意味着任何人都不能在加拿大说穆斯林坏话或是对歧视穆斯林,否则, 你就会触犯法律,并会面临牢狱之灾!”

The article with the above headline was about M-103, an anti-Islamophobia motion that House of Commons passed last Friday condemning religious discrimination. “What the motion means is that you cannot badmouth Muslims in Canada or discriminate against them,” the article says. “If you did, you have committed a crime and may face prison terms!”


该文一登场便即刻在中国社交媒体微信上广为流传,点击量也因此创下新高。为了使文章更具说服力和权威性,作者还援引了提出该动议的自由党国会议员Iqra Khalid之言辞,以及议会通过该动议时的表决状况之信息。

The article has instantly gone viral on Chinese social media WeChat, attracting a flood of visitors and eliciting a record number of hits. In a bid to make it sound more convincing and authoritative, the article has included an authentic quote from Iqra Khalid, the Liberal MP who proposed the motion as well as the voting information on how the motion was passed in the parliament. 


该文所引发的一些极端评论亦将矛头指向投票支持该动议的华裔自由党及保守党国会议员,指责他们背叛了华人社区。

Some extreme comments in response to the article also put the Liberal and Conservative MPs with Chinese heritage who voted in favor of the motion in crosshairs, accusing them of betraying the Chinese community.  

 
在对政治兴趣索然的华裔社区,许多加国华裔对议会动议往往都是抱着“事不关己高高挂起”的态度。但103议案能在华裔社交媒体上引起如此激烈的反响,这一点似乎有些令人匪夷所思。

With a very low level of interest in politics, many Chinese Canadians generally hold an “I couldn’t care less” attitude towards Parliament motions. It seems quite odd that M-103 can spark such a heated response from the Chinese social media. 


在虚假新闻泛滥的今天,准确而可靠的新闻报道却成了稀有物品。事实上103议案只是一项既没有法律效力,也不触及现行刑事司法制度的没有任何法律约束性的动议。随着反穆斯林情绪日趋高涨,该项旨在消减加国社会所存在的穆斯林恐惧症的动议突显自由党重视多元文化的价值观。但是,该动议却不能用于给反穆斯林行为定罪,或将发表恐伊斯兰言论的人士送进监狱。

At a time when fake news floods the news media, reliable and accurate information is difficult to come by. The truth is that M103 is only a non-binding motion that is not classified as a law and has no effect on the current criminal system. Amid widespread anti-Muslim sentiment, the motion aims at reducing the level of fear against Islam in Canada, highlighting Liberals’ ideology of valuing cultural diversity. But the motion cannot be used to criminally convict anti-Muslim activities or sentence those making Islamophobia comments to jail. 


实际上,许多加国人士都认为该动议毫无作用,或是怀疑它是否具有任何影响力。Angus Reid Institute最近对1,511名加国人士进行的调查发现,有31%受访者认为该项仅具象征意义的动议虽值得通过,“但其并不会带来任何实际影响”;有26%的人则认为“该动议毫无意义,完全是浪费时间,根本不值得通过。”

In fact, many Canadians believe that the motion may not achieve anything, or are skeptical whether it will have any effect. According to the latest Angus Reid Institute poll of 1,511 Canadians, 31 per cent say it’s worth passing for symbolic reasons “but It won’t have any real impact,” and 26 per cent say it’s “not worth passing because it won’t do anything and so it’s a waste of time.


但加国人士对该动议的冷淡态度却和华社成员的激烈反应形成了鲜明对比,这显然是这些骇人听闻的报道和扭曲事实之评论的作用使然。这些以假乱真的报道见缝插针,充分利用了华人社区所持的认为大部分穆斯林都是恐怖分子和战争贩子的种族偏见。

This callous attitude of Canadians towards the motion was a stark contrast to the fierce reaction from the Chinese community members, thanks to these sensational news stories and the extreme comments. Apparently, the stories with distorted facts have tapped into a strong stereotype held by the community that most Muslims are terrorists and war criminals. 


一些火上浇油的跟帖亦进一步加剧了反穆斯林情绪:

Some follow-up posts have done the best job in further fuel the sentiment:


“穆斯林似乎正在控制加拿大政府,这太可怕了。穆斯林现在已经瞄准和平而又美丽的加拿大,并试图将加国的未来推向摧毁中东的战争绝路和危机边缘!”

“It seems that Muslims try to control the Canadian government, which is very scary. Now Muslims have set their sight on this peaceful and beautiful country Canada, trying to send the country on a path to the future war and crisis currently engulfing the Middle East!”


这些不实报道亦利用了华社成员对权利机构的恐惧心理,很多华裔人士想当然地认为加拿大政府也会像在他们的来源国掌控老百姓的生杀大权的中国当局一样,在无视法律法规的情况下随意将包括人权律师在内的异见分子监禁关押。

The biased information has also appealed into the fear from community members who assume that the government has the ultimate control over citizens’ lives, just like the authorities in their home country that has the power to jail dissidents – including human rights lawyers -- without resorting to laws and regulations. 


但归根结底,华社人士还是因为政治性极端不成熟才陷入媒体宣传的陷阱。这些报道的炮制者也正是利用了华人社区所暴露出的弱点,即政治认知水平极端有限并不具独立思考能力,因此难辨事实与炒作,真相与谎言。

But in the end, it was the political naivety of the community that has resulted in a flood of members falling into the media propaganda. These story manipulators have also taken advantage of the fact that the community members lack critical thinking skills, showing a minimum level of political knowledge and the ability to tell facts from hypes, and truth from lies. 
 
 

我们鼓励所有读者在我们的文章和博客上分享意见。We are committed to maintaining a lively but civil forum for discussion, so we ask you to avoid personal attacks, and please keep your comments relevant and respectful. Visit the FAQ page for more information.