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皮克林机场会上马吗?
Is Pickering Airport going to takeoff?

 
 
 
我10月20日写了一篇关于皮克林市议会想要让皮克林机场重新上马的文章见http://chinesenewsgroup.com/news/662625
I talked about the Pickering City Council wanting to get the Pickering airport off the ground in my previous article, please see http://chinesenewsgroup.com/news/662625.
 
皮克林市正试图让亚马逊把其西雅图外的北美第二个总部(HQ2)建在该市。北美共有238个城市竞争亚马逊的这一投资项目,以给当地经济的注入就业和繁荣的机会。

The City of Pickering is trying to attract and land Amazon’s second North American headquarters (HQ2) outside of its hometown Seattle. It is one of 238 municipalities in North America competing for the jobs and prosperity that would be injected into local economies.

 
亚马逊的第二个总部想建在一个超过一百万人口的大都市地区。它要求该地区有更多的通勤选择和地方政府的资助,这些资助包括抵税和免税,搬迁铺贴,劳工补贴,水电补贴和各种费用的减免。申请此项目投资的报名截止日为2017年10月19日。

Amazon is looking for a metro area with more than 1 million people, quality transit options, and incentive from local governments. Those could come in the form of tax credits and exemptions, relocation and workforce grants, utility incentives, and fee reductions. On October 19,2017, the submission of applications for this competition closed.

 
亚马逊没有通告具体有哪些城市和大都市地区申请这一投资项目,但是有报道说,美国有43个州的城市或大都会地区,包括华盛顿特区和波多黎各,以及来自墨西哥三个州和加拿大六个省份的城市和大都会地区参与申请。那么谁将是亚马逊中意的对象?根据互联网传说,前六大城市是多伦多,波士顿,奥斯汀,匹兹堡,芝加哥和亚特兰大。

Amazon did not list which cities or metro areas applied, but said the proposals came from 43 U.S. states, as well as Washington, D.C. and Puerto Rico, three Mexican states and six Canadian provinces. So who are the front runners? The top six cities are Toronto, Boston, Austin, Pittsburgh, Chicago, and Atlanta according to Internet rumours.

 
皮克林市实际上是以多伦多的名义参与竞争。我们这里所说的多伦多是已经将大家熟悉的大多伦多地区扩展到被称为的“多伦多地区”,即从西部的Kitchener-Waterloo到东部的Durham地区。多伦多提出的方案包括认为适合亚马逊要求的、横跨该地区的10个地段。

The City of Pickering is actually riding the coattails of the Toronto bid. Toronto has expanded the familiar Greater Toronto Area to what it calls the "Toronto Region," stretching from Kitchener-Waterloo to Durham Region in the east. And the bid includes details on up to 10 different sprawling sites in the area that might suit Amazon's needs.
 
 
2013年6月,当初的联邦保守党财政部长弗莱厄蒂宣布,跨越皮克林、万锦和Uxbridge三市的7500公顷的被征土地将改为新机场和占地2000公顷的Rouge国家城市公园用地。根据弗莱厄蒂的说法,新机场将在2027年建成。

In June 2013, the late Finance Minister Jim Flaherty announced the 7,500 hectares of land in Pickering, Markham and Uxbridge will be transformed into a new airport and a 2,000-hectare Rouge National Urban Park. The airport will be built by 2027, according to Jim Flaherty.

 
大约一半1972年征收的机场土地于2015年和2017年分两次拨给了Rouge国家城市公园。这些土地位于被征土地内的西北角,延45角度线从东北角到西南角。而新机场将位于407和7号公路交界处的北面,到东部的Brock Road为止。新机场离万锦和皮克林两市很近。

In 2015 and 2017, two transactions were made to transfer about half of the 1972 expropriated airport lands to the Rouge National Urban Park. These lands are located to the west side of the original parcel of land at a 45 degree angle starting from the north east corner to the south west corner. With the southern boundaries of the airport lands locating along the 407/highway 7 junction and its eastern boundaries at Brock Road, the airport will be close to both the cities of Markham and Pickering.

 
将征收土地的一半划分给Rouge国家城市公园意味着未来的皮克林机场将是一个地方化的“小机场”,而不是1970年代初期设想的国际机场。

The reallocation of land to the Rouge National Urban Park means that the future Pickering Airport will be a localized “little airport” and not an International one as originally envisioned back in the 1970's.

 
“土地征收法”的原意并不是政府征收百姓的私人土地来做“公共项目”,如果“公共项目”取消,政府再将土地交给或出售给百姓谋利。反对建机场的人和坚持这块地应作为农用的人认为,被征的皮克林机场土地也应该变回农业用地。如果联邦政府采用与蒙特利尔Mirable国际机场不同的土地处理方式来对待皮克林机场的话,即将多征收的Mirable机场土地变回农业用地,联邦政府就是背信弃义。

The “Expropriation Act” is not intended to be used by the Crown to seize citizens' private property for a specific "public work" and then give or sell that property to other citizens for their private uses and benefit should the "public work" not proceed. Airport opponents and farmland proponents argue that the federal government would be guilty of a breach of faith regarding the Pickering site should it choose a way out that differs from the one chosen for the excess lands at Mirabel, also expropriated for an international airport but never needed. The Mirabel lands were returned to their original use, which, as at Pickering, was farming.

 
万锦市政政府对建新机场的态度如何?非正式的民意调查显示,大部分市议员和区议员反对这项建议。 万锦市自己也想赶走目前还在此市运营的Buttonville小机场。如果再在附近建一个新机场,人们要面对飞机噪音、更糟糕的交通堵塞和住房价格的问题,这都是令万锦市头疼的事。

How do Markham municipal politicians feel about the Pickering Airport? An unofficial poll showed the majority of Councillors and Regional Councillors oppose its construction. Markham is trying to get rid of its own small Buttonville Airport as well. With a new airport close by, there will be noise issues along with more traffic and housing problems that it does not want to handle.

 
皮克林机场土地如何处置在2015年加拿大联邦选举中成为选举话题。在当时的候选人会议上,只有保守党候选人表示支持在被征土地上建设机场,而新民主党,自由党和绿色候选人则表示反对。鉴于这些迹象,目前执政的联邦自由党政府在相当一段时间里不会考虑皮克林机场上马的事。

The future of the Pickering Airport Lands became an election issue in the 2015 Canadian federal election. In local candidate meetings only  Conservative candidates expressed support for building an airport on the lands, with the NDP, Liberal and Green candidates expressing opposition. Given those indications, the ruling Liberal government is not likely to proceed with work on the Pickering Airport any time soon.
 

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