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不必大惊小怪,渥太华和各省已经被大麻合法化搞得手忙脚乱
Surprised? Ottawa and provinces are not ready for marijuana sale

 
 
 
要阅读已经发表的加拿大医用大麻和消遣大麻历史的有关文章,请点击:http://chinesenewsgroup.com/news/663009
To access the previous article on the history of the use of marijuana in Canada for medicinal and recreational purposes, please click http://chinesenewsgroup.com/news/663009
 
加拿大百姓认为,合法吸大麻消遣的法案将在参议院的顺利通过,人们将2018年7月1日开始购买大麻。

There is expectations in the public to have the laws passed through the Senate to legalize the use of recreational marijuana and make it available for sale by July 1, 2018.

 
政府将向有严密保安系统、利润丰厚的大麻工厂将发放执照。由于预计大麻销售量和利润将增加,因此,自2017年11月初以来,大麻生产商的股票已经涨了好几倍。问题是,虽然吸大麻可以开始合法销售只剩下6个月的时间,但联邦政府和各省政府却手忙脚乱,因为在大麻合法前有许多事要落实。

The high-security plants to produce the lucrative marijuana are licensed. Their stocks of the producers have risen multiple times in public trading since early November, 2017 in anticipation of expanding sales and profits in 2018. Yet with about six months to go, the federal government and the provinces are staring at a formidable to-do list.

 
渥太华必须解决如何面对国际公约禁止大麻销售的问题,必须决定驾驶人员吸多少大麻后驾车才是犯罪,大麻生产和销售公司如何打广告的规定,以及如何处理那些目前只种药物大麻的生产厂家的标准。

Ottawa must explain how it will deal with international drug treaties that prohibit marijuana sales. The federal government still has to set the limit at which drivers will be declared impaired under criminal law, and must determine the rules for advertising and the standards for growers who are only in compliance with medicinal plants at this moment.

 
联邦政府还必须与各省合作,给大麻产品定价,以及两级政府将征多少大麻税。各个省政府不希望重复他们在监管香烟销售中所犯的错误,那就是本来指望加税以阻止人们吸烟,结果却造就了一个香烟销售黑市。

The federal government will also have to work with the provinces to agree on how much the legal product will cost and how much it will be taxed by the two levels of government. Governments do not want a repeat of their experience with cigarettes, in which high taxes were intended to discourage smoking but created a large black market instead.

 
安大略省和阿尔伯塔省以外的大多数省份还没有决定个人能够拥有或自种的大麻数量,购买大麻的最低年龄也未确定,以及在哪里才能合法抽大麻。更重要的是,警方警告说,大麻市场的合法化必须与打击大麻黑市交易并举。

Most provinces except Ontario and Alberta have yet to decide the amount of marijuana that individuals will be able to possess or grow. The minimum age for buyers has yet to be determined along with the designation of smoking locations for legalized marijuana. On top of this, police forces are warning that successful inauguration of a legal system for selling marijuana will require an accompanying crackdown on the black market.

 
安大略在销售大麻的方法上几乎和它对酒类销售的管理方法一样。大麻只能由安省政府拥有的酒局(LCBO)下的安省大麻零售公司(OCRC)经营的150家国营商店销售。OCRC将垄断安大略省的大麻市场,现有的那些非法零售大麻的“商店”将被取缔。

Ontario wants to treat marijuana much like how alcohol has been handled. It will set up 150 government-owned stores run by the Ontario Cannabis Retail Corporation (OCRC) under the control of the Liquor Control Board of Ontario (LCBO)   The OCRC will have a monopoly on the weed market in Ontario and the existing “dispensaries” now operating illegally will be forced out of business.

 
2017年12月通过的“安大略省大麻法案”规定,只有19岁以上的人才能在安大略省吸,购买,拥有和种4棵大麻供个人消遣。那些非法出售大麻的公司将面临高达100万的罚款,个人将被处以高达10万的罚款,以及高达两年的监禁。安省将禁止在公共场所,工作场所和机动车上吸大麻。这些规定与酒类一样。

The Ontario Cannabis Act passed in December, 2017 sets a minimum age of 19 to use, buy, possess and cultivate up to 4 marijuana plants in Ontario for personal consumption. It imposes penalties for running a dispensary of up to $1 million for a corporate owner and $100,000 for an individual plus jail sentences of up to two years less a day.  The use of marijuana is banned in public places, workplaces and motor vehicles, similar to alcohol.

 
刚吸过大麻后开车的司机也会受到严厉的惩罚。这一问题有争议,因为用唾液来测试驾车者是否因吸大麻而神智不清的手段并不可靠。目前,可供使用的大麻测试仪不多,而且几乎没有警察接受过使用这些测试仪的培训。科学家说,这些测试仪在其他国家用得很好,但同时承认大麻不像酒精那么容易测试。更大的担忧是将如何改变人们认为抽几口大麻后对驾驶没有多大影响的观念。

There are also stiffer penalties for motorists who drive while under the influence of marijuana. This brings up a controversy as the use of saliva tests to identify marijuana-impaired drivers has yet to be defined. Few equipments to conduct the tests is now in the field, and few officers have been trained in its use. Scientists said the tests have proved valid in other countries, but acknowledge that marijuana’s active ingredient was not as easily measured as alcohol. A larger concern will be changing public opinion about whether it is safe to drive under the influence of marijuana.

 
可以预料的是,黑市将大力宣传含有大麻的食品,虽然这是大麻合法化后禁止销售的产品。控制大麻的销售取决于我们的司法系统是否能很快和有力地打击大麻黑市市场。加拿大大麻黑市的销售额每年为80亿。大麻合法化将改变黑市的运作,但不会杜绝黑市。

It is anticipated that the illegal market will aggressively promote food laced with marijuana, one of many products that will not immediately be allowed under the new system. The success to control the marijuana sale will rest on our legal system to shut down the black market swiftly and aggressively. The  illegal marijuana sales is an $8 billion-a-year economy. Legalization will change the dynamics of the black market but it will not fade away.

 
2017年11月,安省政府公布了第一批40家消遣大麻零售商店。这些店分布在包括多伦多,密西沙加,布兰普顿,旺市和汉密尔顿在内的14个城市。 OCRC制定了规范,在人们可以方便购买大麻和担心黑市大麻的同时,确保这些大麻商店远离中小学。

In November, 2017 the Ontario government announced the first wave of 40 recreational marijuana stores. They are to be located in 14 municipalities including Toronto, Mississauga, Brampton, Vaughan, and Hamilton. Guidelines are set by the OCRC to ensure that stores are not in close proximity to schools, while providing access within communities and addressing the illegal market.

 
几乎同时,一些地方市政官员立即站出来反对在社区开设大麻店。我将在下一篇文章中阐述他们的立场。

Immediately, some local municipal politicians took up positions to oppose the allocation of recreation marijuana sales outlets within their communities. Next time, we will look into their rationale on this posturing.
 
 

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